Verb tenses: present simple in English | Tiempos verbales: presente simple en inglés

El presente simple - present simple, definido como tiempo verbal, es el presente que se utiliza para hablar acerca de hechos, hábitos, costumbres, sucesos, programas u horarios del quehacer general en la vida diaria.

they play ❏ she walks ❏ we argue ❏ they work ❏ you watch

Present simple / Presente simple

Observe que tanto las preguntas como las negaciones, independientemente del verbo principal, utilizan el verbo to do

El tiempo presente describe situaciones, hechos o sucesos actuales:


✦  Algo que se repite de forma contínua:
  • I take my day off every weekend.
  • My parents always go out to dinner on Saturday.

✦  Lo que es siempre cierto o afirmativo:
  • The USA is made up of 50 states.
  • Humans beings inhabit the earth
  • China is an eastern country
  • I always have a glass of wine with the meal.
  • She is a tall girl.
  • The sun rises in east.
✦  Cualquier cosa presente que esté ligada al futuro:
  • The new restaurant opens next month.
  • My father has a flight to Dubai tomorrow at 17:00 hours.
  • Jane's birthday is at the January.

✦  Preguntas -usos de los verbos to do. Utilizamos do, does para el "present tense" (ver conjugación):
  • Do you like tennis?
  • Does he speak English
  • Do you think I am deaf?
  • Where do they come from?
  • Do you like spaghetti?

✦  También utilizamos do con palabras como who, where, why, what:
  • Who do you prefer to travel with?
  • Where do you live in Paris?
  • Why do you complain all the time?
  • What do you like best meat or fish?
  • Do they prefer football or baseball?
  • Where do you every Saturday?

✦  Uso de formas negativas con el verbo to do  (don't contracción de do not - doesn't 3ª persona, contracción de does not):
  • I don't believe in Tarot
  • Don't you think this is a better proposition?
  • I don't dislike dogs.
  • Don't they really want to go out tonight?
  • Peter doesn't want to get up early on his day off.
  • She does not understand you point of view.
  • I do not accept your rude approach.
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